Not only are none of these other countries a member of NAFTA, but none have a free trade agreement with the United States. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was implemented to promote trade between the United States, Canada and Mexico. The agreement, which removed most tariffs on trade between the three countries, came into force on 1 January 1994. Between 1 January 1994 and 1 January 2008, many tariffs – notably for agriculture, textiles and automobiles – were phased out. Given that the agreement is more than 23 years old, there are many clarifications and technical improvements that could be made in all nafta trade areas, such as labour, the environment or culture. NAFTA would also benefit from the inclusion of new trade zones, such as e-commerce, which are not currently covered to ensure that the agreement is aligned with current economic realities. NAFTA provisions provide greater security and stability in investment decisions and have helped make Canada more attractive to foreign investors, while providing Canadians with more opportunities to invest in the economies of NAFTA partners. In the pro-investment environment of NAFTA, Canada and the United States have developed one of the largest investment relationships in the world, while Canada-Mexico relations have grown significantly since the agreement came into force. NAFTA was supplemented by two other regulations: the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Labour Cooperation (NAALC). These tangential agreements should prevent companies from moving to other countries in order to use lower wages, more moderate health and safety rules and more flexible environmental rules.
Canada`s trade and investment relations with Mexico have grown strongly since NAFTA came into force. In addition, Canada welcomes approximately 20,000 agricultural workers each year through the seasonal and agricultural labour program, often cited as a model of international occupational mobility agreements. Mexico`s demographic and economic outlook indicates even stronger growth in trading exchanges. It is a list of Canada`s major trading partners. Canada is considered a trading nation, accounting for more than two-thirds of its GDP (the second highest level in the G7 after Germany).    President Donald Trump courted by promising to end NAFTA and other trade agreements he considered unfair to the United States. On August 27, 2018, he announced a new trade agreement with Mexico, which is expected to replace it.